Former Lido holder files class action lawsuit against Lido DAO for crypto losses


A Lido holder initiated a class-action lawsuit against the governing body for liquid staking protocol Lido, according to a complaint filed in a San Francisco United States District Court on Dec. 17. The lawsuit alleges that the Lido token is an unregistered security and that the Lido decentralized autonomous organization (Lido DAO) is liable for plaintiffs’ losses from the token’s price decline.

The complaint filed against Lido DAO on Dec. 17. Source: CourtListener

Lido is a liquid staking protocol that allows users to delegate their Ether (ETH) to a network of validators and earn staking rewards while also holding a derivative token called stETH that can be used in other applications. It is governed by holders of Lido (LDO), which collectively form Lido DAO.

The lawsuit was filed by Andrew Samuels, who resides in Solano County, California, the document states. The defendants are Lido DAO, as well as venture capital firms Paradigm, AH Capital Management, Dragonfly Digital Management and investment management company Robert Ventures. The document alleges that 64% of Lido tokens “are dedicated to the founders and early investors like [these defendants],” and therefore, “ordinary investors like Plaintiffs are unable to exert any meaningful influence on governance issues.”

According to the filing, Lido DAO began as a “general partnership” made up of institutional investors. But later, it decided to have “a potential ‘exit’ opportunity.” To facilitate this opportunity, it decided to sell Lido tokens to the public by convincing centralized exchanges to make them available on their platforms. Once the tokens were listed, plaintiff Samuels and “thousands of other investors” purchased them. The price then fell, causing losses for these investors, the document alleges. It claims that these firms are liable for the losses as a result.

Related: LidoDAO launches official version of wstETH on Base

Quoting U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Chair Gary Gensler, the document claimed that Lido is a security because there allegedly is “a group in the middle [between the tokens and investors], and the public is anticipating profits based on that group.”

Cointelegraph contacted Lido DAO representatives but did not receive a response by the time of publication.

According to data from blockchain analytics platform DefiLlama, Lido has the largest total value locked of any liquid staking derivative, with more than $19 billion worth of cryptocurrency locked within its contracts. The Lido governance token reached an all-time high during the last bull market, when it sold for $6.41 per coin on Aug. 20, 2021. It currently sits at $2.08 per coin.